Classic strain theory focuses on that type of strain involving the inability to achieve monetary success or the somewhat broader goal of middle-class status. Regardless of the fact that sociology of deviance did not create these concepts, the field did help project them onto the intellectual map. Theories of deviance are extremely important as Downes & Rock (2003) believe that all theories of deviance have implications for policy making. ... What Full Spectrum means and why it's important. I would question the generalizability of strain theory as it emphasises the focus of materialism for society today. This happens because there is an assumption that crime is a social label – along with the creation of law which are made by people in positions of power and enforced on people without power (Hopkins Burke 2002). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Social-structural-strain theories attempt to explain the high rate of theft for monetary gain in the United States as a product of the class structure of American society. They have the potential to be seen as deviant (Hopkins Burke 2002), as they engage in illegal means to achieve success. Goode concludes that “The social construction of deviance is once again controversial, relevant, central to our lives, and fundamental to our understanding of today’s world” (Goode 2002). When Merton (1938) and Sutherland (1940) first presented their respective strain theory and notion of white-collar crime, their concerns and fundamental assumptions were completely at odds with one another. Cornish worked in the department of social science at London School of Economics. The very word ‘rebellion’ connotes negative meaning thus showing the existence of labeling and stigma as used by Merton. He believes that the sociology of deviance ‘died’ in 1975. Society has two main features, as outlined by structural functionalism, cultural structure – prescribed goals and legal attainment – and the social structure – patterned social relationships – which exist in differing levels of integration. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. So, you know exactly how much stress the object can experience and at what angle. Hence, strain theory. Becker argued that behaviours of less powerful groups for example the poor, or disadvantaged are more likely to be criminalized than those who are privileged such as the white and wealthy. Merton’s concept of strain refers to pressure the lower economic classes feel when they try to achieve society’s goals of monetary success (Flynn 2009). Adapting through conformity is a self explanatory explanation whereby people both the cultural gaols of society and the means of achieving them (Burke 2002), this ensures the continuality and stability of society (Thio, Calhoun & Conyers 2008), people do not break laws when achieving their means. Strain theories state that certain strains or stressors increase the likelihood of crime. In contrast to control and learning theories, GST focuses explicitly on negative treatment by others and is the only major theory of crime and delinquency to highlight the … Durkheim believes society is held together by shared values, and if these values are not constantly reaffirmed through the generations it may signify the collapse of society. An impact of cycle of deficient regulation may also be seen in Becker’s Labelling theory. 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