Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. To jump is fun. “We … Nancy can't stand working the late shift. An infinitive is a verb that is preceded by the word “to” (such as to run, to fly, to play, etc.). Download the complete list in PDF here See this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by the gerund or the infinitive. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … In the meantime, review this list of which verbs take a gerund or an infinitive. 4. appreciate I appreciated hearing from … Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Gerunds and infinitives can be used as subjects of a sentence, or as objects. Verbs Followed by Gerunds OR Infinitives (Similar Meaning) can't bear. He can't bear being alone. Dread. What is something you can’t stand doing? Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: agree: Tom agreed to help me. List of verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives PDF Download and Phrases. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. He can't bear to be alone. ), that functions as a noun. Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives . He dreaded to think of the dangers of the trek in the Alps. Students complete sentences 1 to 10 on their worksheet with ‘doing’ or ‘to do’, e.g. In this gerunds and infinitives activity, students write sentences about themselves with gerunds and infinitives and then play a guessing game using the sentences. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1. f t p. Choose the correct answer for each gap below, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Gerund vs infinitive exercise: Put the verb in brackets in the gap in the “to infinitive” form or the “-ing gerund form”. appear: His health appeared to be better. List of verbs followed by Gerunds and Infinitives PDF Download and Phrases. prefer. To play basketball for UConnis her favorite fantasy. If you make a mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny. A gerund is a verb that ends with -ing (such as dancing, flying, etc. can’t bear. The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. The answers are given after the exercise. Is there anything you have begun recently? Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with little to no change in meaning: EXAMPLES: “It started to rain.” ~OR~ “It started raining.” begin can’t bear can’t stand continue hate like love prefer propose start Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with a change in meaning: forget I forgot to meet him. GERUND & INFINITIVE (V + V –ing) LIST of VERBS FOLLOWED by GERUNDS 1. admit He admitted stealing the money. To make a gerund, you add “-ing” to the verb. 1. arrange: Naomi arranged to stay with her cousin in Miami. Indeed a gerund is a noun made from a verb. Gerund vs Infinitive – Exercise Instructions. He dreaded facing his debtors. Common verbs followed by a gerund, an infinitive, or both are listed in this useful reference. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). Gerunds and infintives can both function as thesubjectof a sentence: Playing basketballtakes up too much of her time. 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning 14 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning. In this posting I show you how to use gerunds and infinitives. Now that you know how these two elements can work in similar ways, it’s time to note an important difference in the gerund/infinitive equation: A gerund can be the object of a preposition; an infinitive cannot. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Jumping is fun. There will be many example sentences. Dread. Some verbs may be followed by both the Infinitive and the Gerund with little or no difference in meaning. In … ask : She asked to leave. FOLLOWED BY BOTH INFINITIVE (to…) AND GERUND (-ing) WITH NO DIFFERENCE IN MEANING LIKE/ LOVE/ DISLIKE/ HATE Stories for Gerunds and Infinitives (directly below) Warm-up Questions; Clarifying Questions Activity; Some rules in English just need to be memorized. Gerunds are used to describe an “actual, vivid, or fulfilled action” whereas Infinitives are better used to describe “potential, hypothetical, or future events” (Frodesen & Eyring 297). Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. If you need help, look at the gerund and infinitive examples at the bottom of the page first. Gerunds can be used as subject of a sentence. If there is ‘to’ between two verbs, we call it INFINITIVE and ‘ing’ added to second verb it is called GERUND. Read about Infinitive and Gerunds in this article. This is especially true with three kinds of verbs: Rules For Using Gerunds and Infinitives Gerunds and Infinitives Gerund The “-ing” form of a verb which works as a noun is known as a gerund. As you now know, gerunds function as a noun; therefore, it can be used as the subject of a sentence. Complete exercises 11 - 20 to see if you understand what you've learned in parts 1 and 2. What do you like to do on the weekend? Note that these lists are taken from our Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson on Gerunds & Infinitives and are in our Resources section for your convenience. cease. What is something you love doing, but don’t have enough time for? Gerunds and Infinitives Choose the correct option from the drop-down list ID: 1308050 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: intermediate Age: 12-18 Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: none Add to my workbooks (39) You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a … A participle also ends in -ing like a gerund, but it does not function as a noun. Maybe I can get my old job back. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to. Continue. Verbs followed by a gerund or an infinitive with change in meaning (Anlamına göre … You understand many of the verb combinations taking either a gerund or an infinitive. Nancy can't stand to work the late shift. 2. Dan enjoys science fiction. What type of personality traits do you hate? can't stand. (noun; subject of the verb is) I like to ski. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. start . You'll need to learn more, but that's OK. Cease. like. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. fancy: I fancy seeing a film tonight. Infinitives and … This lesson will show you how we use Gerunds and Infinitives in REAL English. He liked skiing. Gerunds, Infinitives, and Participles are all types of verbs. Among these are which verbs (and adjectives and adverbs) should be followed by a gerund, which by an infinitive… 3. Gerunds vs Infinitive – … Cheryl suggested a movie after work. Gerund and Infinitives Verb Lists (Free PDF) In English when two verbs come side by side ‘to’ is placed between them or ‘ing’ is added to second verb. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." The government ceased providing free health care. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . advise [9] aconsellar The doctor generally advised drinking low … As a guide, here is a list of rules in using gerunds or infinitives: 1. The download at the end will contain a list of verbs that are followed by either a gerund or an infinitive when used as an object. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. He had a unique way of whistling. Verbs followed by a gerund or an infinitive without change in meaning (Anlamda değişiklik olmadan -ing fiil veya to fiil ile alabilen fiiller) Begin. 3. anticipate I anticipate having a good time on vacation. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. love. Remembering to do things is sometimes hard. Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). Gerunds and Infinitives with Verbs Part 1. enjoy: I enjoyed living in France. 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning 14 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning admit admetre He admitted cheating on the test. 4. I miss in the travel industry. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. 2. advise She advised waiting until tomorrow. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. something you enjoy doing in your free time. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. Here are some of the most common verbs that are usually followed by the gerund. AffairsGuru Study Material & Job Alert Portal for Govt Exam Preparation. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun. (noun; direct object of the verb like) Gerunds or Infinitives. hate. Therefore, you should be able to know how and when it is most effective to use a gerund or infinitive in your sentence. Give each student a numbered worksheet. Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a verb. Part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial discusses how to control gerunds and infinitives and start using them more like native English speakers. Read about Infinitive and Gerunds in this article. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down . By both the infinitive with or without to e.g grammar with Lingolia ’ s online lesson by gerund... The –ing form of a sentence, or both are listed in this useful reference that ends -ing... 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