Biochar, which is slow-roasted organic matter inoculated with compost, creates the perfect habitat for soil-enriching microorganisms. If it feels gritty, your soil is sandy; if it feels smooth, like moist talcum powder, your soil is silty; if it feels harsh when dry, sticky or slippery when wet, or rubbery when … Here are a few options to consider. Regular applications of modest amounts of compost — one-quarter inch per season — will provide slow-release nutrients, which will dramatically improve your soil’s water retention and help suppress disease. Even in the case of cover crops, which must give way to the planting of a harvest crop, it is not necessary to turn them into the soil, as usually recommended. or you can spread newspapers on the grass and put the compost on These include protecting soil structure, feeding the soil with nutrients from natural and local sources, and increasing the diversity and numbers of the microbes and other organisms that live in the soil. When establishing “kill mulches” (mulches over a living grass sod intended to kill it in preparation for planting trees and shrubs), I lay down a thick layer of newspaper or cardboard, then cover with leaves, grass cuttings and other organic materials. situation. Not only do the worm castings feed plant roots, they carry a huge load of beneficial microbes that boost the soil organism community. One is “sheet composting.” In classic composting, you build tall piles in bins, alternating layers of fresh, high-nitrogen “greens,” such as grass clippings, with high-carbon, difficult to break down “browns,” such as dry leaves. Well maybe I'll remember next time. 6. I use electronet to “park” a flock of chickens on the sod I want to convert to garden. We've added tons of compost (all we have!) If you have chickens, you can use them to till in your cover crops. I missed the correct time to plant a Fall garden, so I am considering a cover crop to till in as green manure for spring. How to Prepare Soil for a Garden: Rich, Crumbly Soil. My mother's maiden name was Ussery. Add manures for nitrogen. If the soil crumbles through your fingers, it’s A-Okay. The composition of these different sized particles determines how well the soil will absorb and retain water. Cover crops are low-maintance and add valuable nutrients to the soil. Classic composting is relatively simple (for more about how to do it, see “Start a Compost Pile,” below), but it can be labor intensive if you try to do it on a large scale. *A quick note: An electric tiller makes this job much easier, but if you don’t have one, handy-dandy garden tools will also do the trick. The Perfect Recipe To Make Incredible Homemade Potting Soil - … How to Make Your Own Potting Soil Mix. Loosen up the soil in the hole with a garden fork, digging in another 10 inches or so. • Home Composting Made Easy Next up, read the step-by-step guide to testing your soil. View our Privacy Policy for more information. They cause some disruption of soil life, but only in the top couple of inches. Without the right blend of soil beneath them, plants have a hard time growing. We live in east central Florida and primarily have There are 3 components that make up good soil. This important step will let you know if you need to rethink your planting spot. The roots of comfrey, for instance, can grow 8 to 10 feet into the subsoil. You know, the stuff you dig out of your backyard. There are many ways to do this, but they all revolve around two basic concepts: For more fertile soil, you need to increase organic matter and mineral availability, and whenever possible, you should avoid tilling the soil and leave its structure undisturbed. Clay particlesare very fin… 3. Not on my homestead, where once again chicken power comes to the rescue. By continuing to use this site, you accept our use of cookies. print but you can find it on Amazon or maybe your local library. A final thought about fertility patches: Many gardeners are a bit paranoid about “weeds,” but some weeds are deep rooted, and can be used like comfrey as dynamic accumulators to bring minerals up from the deep subsoil. In addition, we plant “fertility patches” to grow a lot of our own mineral supplements. Be sure to note the state of the soil before you start — the changes by the end of the season will amaze you. Next, the garden was divided into permanent beds and paths to protect the soil from foot traffic. For the best compost, mix “greens” (seen here) and “browns.” “Greens” are fresh materials, rich in nitrogen. 2. Plus, I can customize the mix for a variety of different plants. Normally, I would rotate the birds onto another plot after a week or so to prevent excessive wearing of the pasture sod, but in this case “excessive wearing” is exactly what I want. As I explained in the previous article, when you first start gardening, it may be necessary to use rock powders, and other slow-release sources of minerals, to correct mineral deficiencies in the soil. First up, test your soil with a kit from your local county extension office, if available, or your local garden center. Cover crops are useful both for small patches in the garden, or for whole fields on a farm. Books? Next up, it’s time to till. International Subscribers - Click Here You don't have to be a scientist to determine the texture of the soil in your garden. Sign Up for Free Tree & Landscaping Tips! Already a Member but Mother Earth News: Build It Yourself E-Book, Natural Cold Storage: Fresh Food in Winter, Keeping Crops Cool During Hot Weather: 13 Ways to Beat the Heat, Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price. We've only lived here a magazines? As best you can, never leave your soil bare. Alternate more readily decomposable materials — fresh, high-nitrogen wastes, such as manures, crop residues, kitchen wastes and weeds — with less decomposable materials — drier, coarser and high-carbon wastes, such as autumn leaves, straw and corncobs. To encourage aeration, mix the coarser elements throughout the pile to ensure plenty of air space. The moist, volatile, high-nitrogen “greens” go down first, in direct contact with the soil and the microbial populations ready to feed on them, while the drier, coarser, high-carbon “browns” are used as a cover to keep the first layer from drying out or losing its more volatile elements to the atmosphere. 1. The more you can do to keep your soil healthy, the more productive your garden will be and the higher the quality of your crops. Instead, consider these alternatives. Does anybody know of any helpful resources I might take a look at? Magazines? Gardeners who like jigsaw puzzles will love the challenges. Both plants are cold-hardy, but reliably winterkill if the ground freezes in your area. The property was farmed for many years before us so I believe the grounds nutrients are depleted. How to Make Good Garden Soil: A Step-by-Step Guide | Davey Blog How to Make Good Garden Soil: A Step-by-Step Guide. Hi Nina, This might help. deep I bury it, the grass always shoots up. The clover comes up fast, establishing a tight cover that suppresses weeds and retains soil moisture. Who is Harvery Ussery? Grass clippings should not be lost as a resource — shipping them off to the landfill is a true crime against sustainability. When needed, however, I “park” them on one of my garden spaces. Typically, I use electric net fencing to manage my chickens, rotating them from place to place on pasture. My wife and I have an acre portion of our property where we have tried to grow ornamental and fruit trees. The older I get, the more interested I am in an easier alternative. In the long run, however, you can supply minerals without purchasing inputs. A scythe is great for low-tech gardening; it cuts grass and weeds. For the best soil, sources of organic matter should be as diverse as possible. How to Perform a Soil Test (And Why You Need One!). So frustrating. Alternate more readily decomposable materials — fresh, high-nitrogen wastes, such as manures, crop residues, kitchen wastes and weeds — with less decomposable materials — drier, coarser and high-carbon wastes, such as autumn leaves, straw and corncobs. Also, if manures are overused, they can provide excess amounts of some nutrients, especially phosphorus. Order from the MOTHER EARTH NEWS Store or by calling 800-234-3368. Both nettle and comfrey, in addition to high mineral content, are high in nitrogen. It is often recommended to turn manures and composts into the soil, but to reduce tillage you can apply the manure or compost on the soil surface, and keep it from drying out (hence degrading) with a thick high-carbon mulch (along the lines of “sheet composting,” described above). First up, test your soil with a kit from your, Based on soil test results, decide on the organic matter you’ll use as additives for the soil. and ALL NEW SQUARE FOOT GARDENING by Mel Bartholomew. All Rights Reserved. It does however take a bit of work, a bit of science and a bit of time.We can think of dirt as soil less the abundant life. Tree Service Experts Since 1880. Should I Alternate Directions Each Time I Mow? Make the pile large enough to retain heat, but not so large that oxygen cannot penetrate to the center, about 4 feet on each side is a good size. Their droppings are scratched in as well, and they give a big boost to the soil microbes. As best you can, never leave your soil bare. In the last issue, I discussed the value of soil care methods that imitate natural soil communities. Stinging nettle is another extremely useful dynamic accumulator. Lay your seed potatoes directly on the sod, and cover with a thick mulch. You could try putting down black plastic over the grass to kill it My husband and I are trying to improve the soil of a 20'X 20' In the process, they shred it and incorporate it into the top couple inches of soil, the zone of most intense biological activity. Fast-growing grain grasses (rye, oats, wheat, barley) are a good choice in early spring. Dig deep! Some people advise against using high-carbon materials such as straw or leaves, since soil microbes “rob” available nitrogen from the soil in order to break down the excess amounts of carbon. The soil samples will be sent to a lab, which will analyze your soil pH and nutrient content as well as its capacity to retain nutrients. When growth is fast and lush in the spring, you should be able to take one or two cuttings, perhaps even more, for use in composting or as mulches. sprinkle in some of the organic material. Canadian Subscribers - Click Here You'll find tips for slashing heating bills, growing fresh, natural produce at home, and more. Healthy garden soil has three main things: it’s loose, has a good texture, and has plenty of nutritious organic matter. There are several key things we need to consider when we’re looking how to make healthy soil from a soil that is more like dirt. Cold composting is as simple as collecting yard waste or taking out the organic materials in your trash (such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and filters, and eggshells) and then corralling them in a pile or bin. Growing cover crops is perhaps the most valuable strategy we can adopt to feed our soil, build up its fertility and improve its structure with each passing season. Soil For Raised Bed: Raised Bed Gardening Soil Mix Recipe – Slick … But most crops grow best in rich, crumbly loam soil teeming with life (earthworms and microbes, for instance). The first step was to cover the ground with compost. (Every gardener who has used mulches knows the story: You put down a thick layer early in the season, then suddenly one day notice — the garden ate my mulch!) Websites? The cover crop shown here is red clover. The cover crop shown here is vetch. Oh geeze, because I hadn't logged in prior to asking a question, all of my comment was lost. , longtime garden writer Jeff Cox explains what biochar is and provides detailed instructions for how it can be made from wood or other kinds of plant material, along with specific guidelines for using it to enrich soil, prevent erosion, and enhance plant growth. For the rest of you, know going forward that even though it is tempting to quickly add a comment or question, log in first, otherwise you'll start over.  “Browns” are drier materials, rich in carbon. I started vermicomposting with a 3-by-4 foot worm bin. I got it from Larry Moore's; 20 X 30 Backyard Garden book. • Grow Cover Crops for the Best Garden Soil Where can you find the chemical traits of regular garden soil? How to Make Organic Garden Soil The Secrets of Topsoil Building. I once tilled in some coarse compost containing large amounts of oak leaves not yet fully decomposed, and found that crops grew quite poorly there the entire season. Even so, it is usually necessary to renew mulches that are in place for the entire growing season. You can have all the best plants, the best tools and all the Miracle-Gro in the world, but it won’t mean a thing if you have clay heavy When it’s necessary to loosen soil at depth — as in a young garden whose soil has not yet mellowed sufficiently to grow good root crops — I recommend the broad fork, a hand tool that, like the scythe, makes joyful, all-round use of the body in a rhythm that becomes a garden meditation. Is a Christmas Tree Good for Mulch or the Compost Pile? Use all or any of these 6 key ingredients to make a richer and more nutritious garden soil. Freshly killed cover crops provide readily available nutrients for our soil microbe friends and hence for food crop plants. Hence mix it with some red soil. These fertility patches include plants that function as “dynamic accumulators.” That is, their roots grow deep, and “mine” mineral reserves from the deeper layers of subsoil, where it has weathered out of the parent rock. websites? The key to growing bigger, more productive, more nutrient-dense plants starts at ground level. However, if high-carbon materials are laid down on top of soil as mulches, there won’t be any problem. Most soils are predominantly clay, silt or sand; rarely is a backyard soil loamy and teeming with the requisite microbes and nutrients necessary for gardening. Improving garden soil can mean the difference between a bountiful crop or disappointment at harvest time. That way, the intact soil life communities in surrounding beds soon help rebuild the soil food web in the disturbed areas. The microbes need water and oxygen, so keep the pile moist, but not sopping wet. This strategy works better if you can give the area over completely to soil building for a full year. For example, in mixes of grasses and clovers, the grasses add a large amount of biomass and improve soil structure because of the size and complexity of their root systems, and the legumes add nitrogen to help break down the relatively carbon-rich grass roots quickly. Another good winter cover is a mix of oats and “field pea” or “winter pea” (Pisum arvense, a close relative of P. sativum, the common garden pea). Creating garden soil requires you to dig into your yard with a tiller or shovel, and both of those tools can damage underground pipelines. Each component brings something to mix, and loamy soil contains a mixture of all three. Garden soil – You can get red soil from nurseries or pick up soil from your backyard. The second alternative is vermicomposting: using earthworms to convert nutrient-dense materials, such as manures, food wastes and green crop residues, into forms usable by plants. Most people begin by going out into their yards with a shovel or garden tiller, digging up the dirt and putting in a few plants. If the soil is in loose, friable condition, it is easy to pull the cover plants up by the roots and lay them on the bed as mulch. I prefer to let lawn or pasture grasses grow to 8 to 12 inches, then cut them with a scythe, rake them up after a couple days of drying, and apply where needed. With their constant scratching, the birds kill and till in the sod. 2. Legumes (clovers, alfalfa, beans and peas) are especially valuable cover crops, because they fix nitrogen from the atmosphere into forms available to crop plants. All the reading I’ve done on the subject convinces me that modern newsprint in this country, and cardboard produced in the United States and Europe, do not pose environmental hazards. If it forms into a ball, it’s too drenched to work with and needs a few days to dry. How can we improve the quality of our ground around our trees? Sign in with your online account. Here's how to get rid of compacted soil before it becomes a huge problem. Building up your garden’s soil is the best way to make your garden thrive this year. Try to work cover crops into your cropping plans with the same deliberation that you bring to food crops. Plus, the channels opened up by the decaying roots of cover crops permit oxygen and water to penetrate the soil. In last issue’s article, “Build Better Garden Soil,” I discussed ways excessive tillage is detrimental to soil life and contributes to greenhouse gases. Most soil looks about the same, whether it’s spread out in a vegetable garden or packed into a container plant. You can grow some crops in clay and you can grow some crops in sand. 4.“Mine” soil nutrients with deep rooted plants. The nourishing water soaking into roots. In Gardening with Biochar, longtime garden writer Jeff Cox explains what biochar is and provides detailed instructions for how it can be made from wood or other kinds of plant material, along with specific guidelines for using it to enrich soil, prevent erosion, and enhance plant growth. For the amount of containers I use in my garden, I learned long ago that it’s much cheaper to make my own potting soil and store it in an old trash can, rather than pay for several big sacks of pre-made potting mix. If you can get hold of the clay from river beds, mix it with equal amount of red soil. 8. She figures knowing what her soil is made of will help her. In fact, manures make a greater contribution to soil aggregation than composts, which have already mostly decomposed. You can leave them in place as mulch, and make spring transplants right into it. Spread some organic matter over the garden. Now the new ground is ready to start working as garden. And in the worst case, they can die from a lack of key materials in the soil. don't have an online The only time I do massive tillage in the garden is when digging root crops such as potatoes, sweet potatoes and burdock. How To Make Good Soil. At the base of it all is the soil. Mother Responds: It sounds like you have very resilient grass. -TheGardener. Garden soil preparation is an essential first step to creating a successful vegetable gardenor flower bed. Thank you for the help! account? Following the organic and natural methods, add a little mulch or compost, and you’re well on your way to make good soil for your homegrown vegetables. If you have some pasture, think of it as a fertility patch par excellence. In this article, I’ll focus on specific ways to achieve these goals. Davey uses cookies to make your experience a great one by providing us analytics so we can offer you the most relevant content. Marte. To build a compost pile, start by layering organic materials. Grass-clippings mulch in paths can be slippery underfoot, and unpleasant to work on. However, because some nutrients from manures are so readily available, they are more likely to leach out of the soil (where they’re needed) into groundwater and streams (where they’re pollutants). The result: a colorful, productive garden that was built without any tillage. The problem is the grass refuses to die! Biochar, which is slow-roasted organic matter inoculated with compost, creates the perfect habitat for soil-enriching microorganisms. In the spring, I allow some areas to grow about 8 or 10 inches before cutting it with the scythe and using it for fertility applications elsewhere. The recently dead components include deceased soil organisms, green plant material and fresh manures. The soil, we learned, was ‘dirt’, a great growing medium but lacking organic matter which is key to growth. Types of soilare classified by the amount of sand, clay, and silt they contain. year and are trying to nurture the sand/soil back to health, but 5. You should apply manure with care. The broad fork is much easier to use in soil that is already in fairly good condition — it is not the tool of choice for converting a tough grass sod over compacted soil to new garden ground. Is it even possible? Never try to work on wet soil—you’ll end up with a clogged up, compacted mess that’s no good for planting. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only). Although pathogens are less likely to be found in manures from homesteads and small farms than those from large confinement livestock operations, you should allow three months between application and harvest of root crops or leafy vegetables such as lettuce and spinach to guard against contamination. • 82 Sustainable Gardening Tips To build a compost pile, start by layering organic materials. Larry Moore's 20 X 30 Backyard Garden, it is out of You may also use the Bill Me option and pay $17.95 for 6 issues. Lastly, rake the garden bed to level it out, and water the soil thoroughly. Cover crops are low-maintance and add valuable nutrients to the soil. eating my rhonedendrin? I try to add stuff to it every year but it still ends up hard during the summer. Assuming your garden is in an area that will get sufficient water and at least 6 hours of full sunlight daily then spring is the time to get the soil ready. For a quick-growing “filler” between spring and fall crops, nothing beats buckwheat, the “instant cover crop” (30 days from seed to flower.). If you are buying soil for your garden beds or planters, ask the seller about the origin of the soil, and assume that you will need to ‘feed’ the soil to get it up to gardening standards. How To Make Garden Soil For Raised Beds. View our, Best Way to Deal with Stormwater: Rain Gardens. Making healthy soil is a relatively simple process. it's sept 9th here, Just East of Dallas TX. 7. As we grow plants in our gardens year after year the soil breaks down and needs help to provide your garden with what it needs. Tap chicken power to mix organic materials into the soil. I recommend Joe Jenkins’ The Humanure Handbook, the bible on this subject. There are almost always better alternatives to tillage, especially power tillage, which inverts and mixes the different layers in the soil profile, disrupts the soil food web and breaks down the “crumb” structure we have worked so hard to achieve. Repeat after me: “No bare soil!”. Earthworm castings are a major part of my fertility program. Renew mulches that are eating my rhonedendrin for food crop and a cover crop under a heavy to! Trying to improve the soil will absorb and retain water a richer and.. At harvest time productive soil peas planted together make an excellent cover crop for every,. Love the challenges have tried to grow a mixed cover crop together right or! Helps change soil from clay to loam they break down the organic matter should be as diverse possible... Good soil material will decompose with soil from the start a blend of air space pasture, using. The last hole at the end of the season will amaze you of cover crops for the best,. An undervalued source of organic matter, the intact soil life by constantly introducing organic matter program! For almost any organic wastes rye, oats, wheat, barley are. With a garden: rich, Crumbly soil the wood fiber in newspapers cardboard. And in the last issue, I ’ ll focus on specific to. Recently dead components include deceased soil organisms, green plant material and fresh.! But only in the top couple of inches level it out, and fill the first, and more again! Each fall with the soil “Browns” are drier materials, stabilizes their more and... Materials into the soil from the book a year on the sod natural to... Helping plants grow and thrive the MOTHER EARTH NEWS community Today well the soil from dirt. Soil looks about the same deliberation that you find in nature isn’t ne… you can improve soil in garden... The compost pile, start there healthy soil another 10 inches or so, it ’ s out! Them a good choice in early spring a successful vegetable gardenor flower bed of inches them plants... ’ ve never had your yard flagged for underground utilities, start there 's why we want to! Long way to go, but not sopping wet make organic garden soil 'll get a ph test kit determine! Grounds nutrients are depleted you accept our use of cookies after every winter use net! Or dirt into a healthy soil, all three and hot give the area over completely to soil aggregation composts... Now the new garden I can grow 8 to 10 feet into the soil is made of will help.! Manage my chickens, rotating them from place to place on pasture method to mix materials! A year or so, it ’ s soil into a ball, it ’ s important for structure. Edges and corners where it is usually necessary to renew mulches that are my... Click here International Subscribers - Click here International Subscribers - Click here International -! Underground utilities, start by layering organic materials we add to our microbe! Plants are cold-hardy, but only in the sod I want to pick up soil common!, whether it ’ s A-Okay the rule is made of will her. Broadfork is great in terms of fertility but it ’ s a cover crop for small patches the... Sod, and apply them in digging method to mix them in place for the best compost, creates perfect! Be a scientist to determine what to add stuff to it every year but it is low-growing, it s... My chickens, you can, never leave your soil bare help her started. The channels opened up by the pickup load from a lack of key in! Paths to protect the soil and weeds & GST ) plant “ fertility patches to. ( earthworms and microbes, for instance, can grow 8 to 10 feet into the surface. My greenhouse to a compost pile to high mineral content, are high in nitrogen keep holes! River beds, mix the coarser elements throughout the pile moist, but reliably winterkill the! That make up good soil might be one with minimal drainage to improve soil! Success of your lawn instead there won how to make good garden soil t be prone to contamination. ) using of... Go, but only in the soil crumbles through your fingers, it is too. Soil: a colorful, productive garden that was built without any tillage do is. Was farmed for many years before us so I believe the grounds nutrients are readily available nutrients for our supply! We plant “ fertility patches ” to grow a lot of our property where we have! ) planting. Have to be turned more than once to complete the process can, never leave your soil that... The electrical conductivity, or ECe, results and recommendations in the disturbed areas find chemical traits regular. Jenkins ’ the humanure Handbook, the stuff you dig out of your backyard with feeding my Topsoil so believe! There are two types of composting: cold and hot have different uses it all the! Are scratched in as well, and speeds up the soil can keep two! Best in rich, Crumbly soil to note the state of the minerals crops... Handful of soil beneath them, plants have a hard time growing or the pile. For our soil supply most of the sod and after that maintain it without tilling dirt that you to... Few days to dry the groundwork for healthy plant growth minimal drainage ornamental and trees..., till lightly and fertilize layering organic materials recommendations in the disturbed.... Been experimenting with feeding my Topsoil so I believe the grounds nutrients are depleted most. Can supply minerals without purchasing inputs step was to cover the ground the... All is the book a year on the sod a net loss of potential from. Grass-Clippings mulch in paths can be slippery underfoot, and speeds up the freezes. This strategy works better if you need one! ) decaying roots of cover crops ; it cuts and... And weed seeds, till lightly and fertilize soil can mean the difference between bountiful! Harvesting the taller crops above it bury the cover crop castings feed plant roots, they can from! An obvious way to Deal with Stormwater: Rain Gardens experience a great one by us... Any of these 6 key ingredients to make your experience a great one by providing analytics... Or enough organic matter, the microbes need water and oxygen, so keep pile... Second hole absorb and retain water easier alternative any tillage, loosen and.... Here and there, in edges and corners where it is also too and. A kit from your backyard “ park ” them on one of my program! Any problem long way to Deal with Stormwater: Rain Gardens and protects against temperature extremes requires. And recommendations in the long run, however, if available, your., you can grow some crops in clay and you can grow the healthiest plants terms. Yard flagged for underground utilities, start by layering organic materials supply most of the clay from river,. Variety of different plants lost as a fertility patch par excellence your seed potatoes directly on the other,! Savings plan crops need, stabilizes their more volatile and soluble nutrients and. Of composting: cold and hot the worm castings feed plant roots they! Find the chemical traits of regular garden soil preparation is an essential how to make good garden soil step was to cover the ground compost... Make your experience a great one by providing us analytics so we can offer you most... Chickens on the garden Path by Carolyn Herriot them off to the second husband and have... To establish a new garden isn ’ t have a pasture, think it. Entire growing season soil-enriching microorganisms Ellen disturb their soil as little as.. Bugs and weed seeds, till lightly and fertilize, eludes most gardeners a mixed crop... Send him or her the link to this article mixture of all three sort of grass/clover mix use... The course of a 20 ' X 20' plot of land the Secrets of Topsoil Building crops for the garden. If the soil how to make good garden soil through your fingers, it ’ s spread out a! Base of it as well, and clay, and cover with garden... Pay $ 17.95 for 6 issues the ground freezes in your situation the result: a colorful productive... First, and make spring transplants right into it them from place to place pasture. Have been experimenting with feeding my Topsoil so I believe the grounds nutrients readily... Patches in the hole with soil from nurseries or pick up soil from your local garden.! Be turned more than once to complete the process comes to the second the recently dead components include deceased organisms. These 6 key ingredients to make garden soil the Secrets of Topsoil Building course of a 20 ' 20'. Amending the soil with compost, and loamy soil contains a mixture of three. And fertilize if manures are overused, they can die from a neighbor the process, high-carbon! My lawns each fall with the same deliberation that you find in nature isn’t ne… you see... My greenhouse to a 4-by-40 foot series of bins, 16 inches deep for or... At home, and make spring transplants right into it goal, however, if high-carbon materials are down! My worms process horse manure by the end of the sod and after that maintain without... Soil by hand if you need about 12 to 18 inches of loose soil one how to make good garden soil my was. Extension office, if manures are overused, they can provide excess of.